Smartphones have become an integral part of our lives. They serve as powerful tools that aid in various day-to-day tasks and activities. As a result, reliance on smartphones continues to grow. Today, there are limitless applications for almost every activity we can think of. Users have endless options, so your app must function flawlessly. Otherwise, users are more likely to switch to other apps.
In order to ensure your app works as intended, you must conduct proper testing, a crucial step that helps you identify any issues, flaws, and potential errors before you release it to the public.
How complex is mobile app testing?
The complexity of mobile app testing depends on your specific goals. For example, if you are testing a specific feature or releasing an update, the testing process may be relatively straightforward. However, if you are conducting comprehensive testing that covers aspects such as gestures, permissions, log files, storage, performance, security, functionality, and more, the testing process can become complex. However, testing tools can significantly reduce this complexity.
There is a myriad of mobile app testing tools available, each with its own set of features and capabilities. In this article, we will explore the well-known testing tools designed to enhance and streamline your testing.
What is Mobile Testing?
Mobile testing involves rigorous testing on various devices, networks, and operating systems to ensure the application works as intended and is optimized properly. Mobile devices have now become an integral part of our lives. These powerful devices serve as a medium for communication between distant persons, e-commerce, money transfer, entertainment, and more.
The testing process for an application typically involves a variety of tests, each of which focuses on a different aspect of the application. These aspects may include the UI, functionality, gestures, security, and network.
1. Gestures: This testing involves assessing gestures to make sure the app responds as intended to various touch and swipe actions.
2. Permission: This test is conducted to check that the app correctly handles and requests user permissions.
3. Log Files: Log file checking refers to analyzing app logs that help identify errors, glitches, or issues for troubleshooting and improvement.
4. Storage: This testing assesses the app's storage-related functionalities, such as the ability to store in the appropriate directory and retrieve and delete data.
5. Performance Testing: This test focuses on evaluating the app's speed, responsiveness, and resource usage under different conditions for optimal performance.
6. Security: It is a process of identifying vulnerabilities and implementing measures to add a secure layer to the app to prevent user data from threats and breaches.
7. Functional: It is a process to check the features and functionalities of the app work as intended.
8. Notification: Notification testing focuses on how the app handles notifications, ensuring they are timely and relevant to user interactions.
9. Network: This testing involves analyzing the app's behavior under varying network conditions.
What are Mobile Testing Tools?
They can be categorized into various types based on their primary functions and purposes.
Here are some common categories of mobile app testing tools:
1. Functional Testing Tools: You can test the app’s features and functionality with these tools to ensure they work as intended.
2. Performance Testing Tools: These tools can help you test the app’s performance on different platforms and conditions, including load and stress testing.
3. Security Testing Tools: These tools help you identify vulnerabilities and security risks in the app.
4. Usability Testing Tools: These tools allow you to evaluate the user-friendliness and user experience of the app.
5. Device and Platform Compatibility Testing Tools: These tools help in testing the app's compatibility with various devices, operating systems, and screen sizes.
6. Localization and Internationalization Testing Tools: These tools help ensure that the app functions properly in different regions and languages.
7. Test Management and Reporting Tools: These tools are employed to test case management, execution, and reporting.
8. Continuous Integration (CI) and Continuous Delivery (CD) Tools: These tools help in the testing, deployment, and automation processes, ensuring that code changes are thoroughly tested before release.
9. Emulators and Simulators: These tools offer virtual environments for testing on various mobile devices and platforms without physical hardware.
10. Code Analysis and Code Review Tools: These tools help analyze code quality and identify issues during development.
11. User Interface (UI) Testing Tools: These tools are employed to test visual elements to ensure the user interface appears correct on various devices and different screen sizes.
12. Beta Testing and User Feedback Tools: These tools are utilized to gather feedback from beta users and to identify issues and improvements.
Top Mobile App Testing Tools 2023
Kobiton is an all-in-one mobile app testing tool that offers a cloud-based lab of real mobile devices to carry out manual and automated testing on both iOS and Android devices. It is also a purpose-built application, meaning it can be used for specific testing needs.
- Real device testing: It gives you access to real mobile devices, so you can test your apps on the same devices that your users will be using.
- Automated testing: It supports automated testing that enables developers to test apps without manual intervention, accelerating the testing process.
- Manual testing: You can also find manual testing support so you can test your apps the way your users will be using them.
- Integration with CI/CD tools: Kobiton can be integrated with popular CI/CD tools.
Testrigor is a cloud-based, scriptless, and AI-powered platform that leverages generative AI’s capabilities to accelerate the testing process. It facilitates mobile web, native, and hybrid app testing on real devices and allows you to use plain English to build test automation.
- Scriptless automation: testRigor uses a generative AI engine to create and maintain automated tests in plain English, which makes it easy for anyone to get started with test automation.
- Record-test: It has an in-built feature that allows you to execute tests as videos.
- Integration with third-party tools: It can be integrated with TestRail, Zephyr, XRay, Jira, Pivotal Tracker, Azure DevOps, Jenkins, CircleCI, LambdaTest, BrowserStack, SauceLabs, etc.
- Cross-browser testing: It facilitates cross-browser testing to test web applications across a variety of browsers and devices, ensuring that they are compatible with all major platforms.
- Visual validation: It has visual testing capabilities.
- Behavior-driven test generation: It allows you to generate tests based on how your potential users interact with your application.
ACCELQ is an AI-powered, cloud-based test automation tool that boasts itself as a no-code tool. It comes up with a comprehensive automation tool for API, microservices, SSH, BECKN, MB, ESB, and more.
- No-code tool: You can run automated tests without writing code, which makes it an excellent choice for teams with limited technical resources.
- AI-powered automation: Users can achieve testing results in significantly less time by employing AI.
- Cloud-based: Cloud-based model allows you to access it from anywhere with an internet connection, a convenient option for teams to perform tests without being bound by location.
- Test coverage: It incorporates various test automation technologies, including API testing, web testing, mobile testing, and desktop testing.
- Version control: It allows you to keep track of changes made to the test scripts.
- Test management: With ACCELQ, you can perform various types of testing in one place.
- Reporting and analytics: Similar to other tools, you can generate detailed reports to analyse and find errors with ACCELQ.
4. Katalon Platform
Katalon is an AI-augmented software quality management platform that helps teams of any size deliver the highest quality digital experiences. It is a comprehensive test automation platform that supports web, API, mobile, and desktop applications. Katalon is built on top of the open-source automation frameworks Selenium and Appium, but it provides a specialized IDE interface that makes it easier to write and maintain test scripts.
- Free and open-source: Katalon Studio is an open-source test automation platform freely accessible to everyone.
- Cross-platform: You can perform testing for a variety of platforms, including web, mobile, and API applications.
- Drag-and-drop interface: It includes a drag-and-drop interface that makes it easy to create and maintain automated tests for non-technical users who want to get started with test automation.
- Rich features: You can find automatic object identification, data-driven testing, parallel execution, and various other features that aid in straightforward testing.
- Community support: It has a large and active community of users who can help you with any problems you encounter.
Perfecto is a popular tool that allows performance, API, and user experience testing by providing a lab of virtual devices incorporating. Thousands of devices & browsers are at your fingertips to make your testing cost-efficient. Also, it allows testing on real devices.
- User interface (UI) testing: It is a well-suited testing tool for UI testing, allowing testers to interact with the app's user interface elements, such as buttons, text fields, and views, and verify their behavior.
- Integration: Perfecto integrates with your entire DevOps toolchain. From IDEs -- Android Studio, Eclipse, IntelliJ -- to continuous integration tools and test automation frameworks such as Appium, Espresso, and Quantum, it integrates with them all.
- CI/CD Testing: Perfecto supports continuous testing by integrating with popular CI/CD tools such as Jenkins and Bamboo.
- Reports: It allows developers to generate detailed test analysis reports, test execution logs, and performance metrics to better handle the issues and resolve them quickly.
TestGrid is a testing framework developed by Google that is designed to help manage and visualize the results of end-to-end cloud and on-premise testing solutions. It uses AI to significantly automate and streamline the testing process, reducing manual efforts significantly.
- Dashboard: TestGrid typically offers a dashboard that provides a visual representation of test results. This dashboard can display information about test suites, test cases, and their pass or fail status.
- Integration: It can be integrated with other testing and CI/CD tools, allowing it to pull in test results data from various sources, such as Jenkins, Travis CI, or other testing frameworks such as Selenium, Appium, Katalon, etc.
- Customization: Users can often customize the TestGrid dashboard to display the specific test results and metrics that are most relevant to their project.
- Historical data: TestGrid typically maintains historical test result data, allowing teams to track trends and identify patterns in test performance over time.
- Filtering and search: Users can often filter and search for specific test cases or suites to focus on areas of interest or concern.
- Notifications: Some implementations of TestGrid may offer notification features to alert teams when there are changes in test results or when specific conditions are met.
- Accessibility: Efforts are often made to ensure that TestGrid is accessible to all team members, including those with disabilities.
LambdaTest is an open-source cross-browser testing tool that provides a cloud-ready platform for testing on real devices. It caters to the varying needs of developers by providing a range of devices with different screen sizes to test apps thoroughly.
- Cross-browser testing: LambdaTest allows users to test web apps on a wide range of browsers, including popular options like Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, and Internet Explorer
- Real environments: It provides real browsers access running on real operating systems, providing a more accurate testing experience compared to emulators or simulators.
- Parallel testing: It allows running multiple tests, an excellent option for those who are looking to run multiple tests simultaneously.
- Integration: LambdaTest integrates with various development and testing tools, including popular CI/CD systems like Jenkins and Travis CI, to facilitate automated testing workflows.
- Selenium compatibility: It is compatible with Selenium, allowing users to write and run Selenium test scripts on LambdaTest's cloud infrastructure.
- Screenshots and recordings: Users can capture screenshots and record video recordings of test sessions to document issues and share findings with team members.
- Issue tracking: LambdaTest may offer features for tracking and managing issues discovered during testing, helping teams collaborate on bug fixes.
- Test analytics: The platform typically provides detailed test analytics and reporting, allowing users to assess test results and identify areas for improvement.
- Geolocation testing: It is helpful for testing location-specific functionality.
Appium is an open-source software test automation tool, which employs computers to simulate what a user does in an actual interface. It incorporates a wealth of tools to enhance the test experience and speed up the process further.
- Cross-platform: Appium can be used to automate tests for mobile apps on multiple platforms, including iOS, Android, and Windows. This makes it a versatile choice for mobile app testing.
- Native UI automation: It supports the automation of native user interfaces (UIs) of mobile apps, enabling testers to interact with elements like buttons, text fields, and menus.
- Web testing: It also provides support for mobile web app testing using standard web automation approaches.
- Selenium compatibility: Appium is built on top of Selenium, allowing testers to use familiar Selenium WebDriver APIs for mobile app testing. This is particularly useful for teams already experienced with Selenium.
- Real devices and emulators: Appium can automate tests on real physical devices as well as emulators and simulators, providing flexibility in testing environments.
- Multi-platform testing: Test scripts written for one platform (e.g., Android) can often be easily adapted to work on other platforms (e.g., iOS) with minimal modifications.
- Programming language agnostic: Test scripts can be written in multiple programming languages, including Java, Python, C#, and others, based on the preferences and skills of the testing team.
- Wide range of automation frameworks: It is compatible with various automation frameworks, including JUnit and TestNG, making it adaptable to different testing methodologies.
- Integration: It can be integrated with continuous integration (CI) tools like Jenkins for automated test execution as part of the software development pipeline.
- Active community and support: Appium benefits from an active open-source community and has extensive documentation, forums, and resources available for support.
- Extensions and plugins: Appium's extensible architecture allows the development and integration of custom extensions and plugins for specific testing needs.
Selendroid is an open-source test automation framework specifically designed for automating the testing of Android native, hybrid, and mobile web apps. It offers testing on both simulators and real devices.
- Android automation: Selendroid focuses exclusively on Android app automation and provides tools and APIs to interact with Android UI elements and perform testing activities.
- Support for native and hybrid apps: Selendroid supports the testing of both native Android apps (written in Java or Kotlin) and hybrid apps (web apps packaged within a native container).
- Cross-platform: It can be used on various platforms, including Windows, macOS, and Linux, to automate Android app testing.
- Integration with Selenium: It is built on top of the Selenium WebDriver, which means that it can leverage Selenium's APIs and concepts for Android testing.
- Multi-language support: Test scripts can be written in various programming languages, including Java, Python, C#, and others, depending on the preferences and skills of the testing team.
- Compatibility with real devices and emulators: Selendroid allows test automation on real Android devices as well as emulators and simulators.
- Gesture support: It provides support for simulating various gestures, such as tapping, swiping, and pinching, to interact with the app's UI elements.
- Parallel testing: Selendroid supports parallel test execution, enabling faster test execution by running multiple tests simultaneously.
- Webview testing: It allows the testing of webviews within hybrid applications, making it suitable for testing applications that contain both native and web-based components.
- Accessibility checks: Selendroid provides accessibility checks and testing capabilities to ensure that the app is usable by people with disabilities.
- Device management: Users can manage and interact with connected devices and emulators through the Selendroid server.
- Customization: Selendroid's architecture allows for custom extensions and plugins to meet specific testing requirements.
10. Xamarin.UI Test
Xamarin.UITest is a mobile app testing framework developed by Microsoft for automating the testing of mobile applications created using the Xamarin platform. Xamarin.UITest is primarily used for testing the user interface (UI) and interactions of mobile apps on Android and iOS devices.
- Cross-platform testing: Xamarin.UITest is designed for testing cross-platform mobile apps developed with Xamarin.Forms or Xamarin.Native. It supports both Android and iOS platforms.
- C# programming language: Xamarin.UITest is written in C#, making it well-suited for developers familiar with the C# programming language and the Xamarin ecosystem.
- Integration with Visual Studio: It integrates seamlessly with Microsoft's Visual Studio development environment, providing a familiar testing environment for Xamarin app developers.
- Native app testing: Xamarin.UITest enables testing of native UI elements and interactions in Android and iOS apps, ensuring that the app behaves correctly on both platforms.
- Synchronization and waits: The framework provides synchronization mechanisms and waiting strategies to handle the asynchronous nature of mobile apps, improving the reliability of tests.
- Support for gestures: Xamarin.UITest allows testers to simulate gestures such as tapping, swiping, pinching, and scrolling to interact with the app's UI elements.
- Integration with Test Cloud: Xamarin.UITest can be integrated with Xamarin Test Cloud (now part of Visual Studio App Center) for cloud-based testing on a wide range of real devices, providing extensive test coverage.
- Local device testing: Users can also run tests on local Android and iOS devices or emulators/simulators during development and debugging.
- Parallel testing: Xamarin.UITest supports parallel test execution, which can significantly reduce test execution time by running multiple tests simultaneously.
- Custom controls: The framework can be extended to support custom controls and elements in the app's UI.
- Detailed test reporting: Xamarin.UITest provides detailed test reports and logs, helping testers and developers identify and diagnose issues.
- CI/CD integration: It integrates well with continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD) pipelines, allowing for automated testing as part of the development workflow.
The right mobile testing tool for you will depend on your specific needs and requirements. If you are new to mobile testing, you may want to choose a tool that is easy to use. If you have a limited budget, you may want to choose a free or open-source tool. If you need to test on a variety of devices and operating systems, you will need to choose a tool that supports these platforms.
1. What is mobile app testing?
Mobile app testing is a process that involves analyzing a mobile app’s functionality, usability, security, and consistency across several devices using different methods and tools to ensure that the application works as intended.
2. What are the top mobile app testing tools?
Some of the top mobile app testing tools are:
3. How do I choose the right testing tool?
The selection of the right tools depends on your specific needs. There are several tools for different kinds of testing. Some of the factors include:
Cost: Some testing apps are free with limited features while others are paid.
Experience: If you are new to mobile testing, you may choose an easy-to-use tool. You can outsource testing to an experienced software testing company.